Smoke-free implementation: A case study on policy development and dissemination within four Vietnamese Universities

Bích Ngọc Nguyễn, Margaret Cook, Lan Thi Hoang Vu, Kelly Johnstone, Mike Capra


Tobacco Control Law was enacted in Vietnam in 2013, requiring an indoor smoking ban in public settings including educational institutions. This study aimed to investigate smoke–free policy development, dissemination and implementation within universities. 

Methods: Qualitative case study at four Vietnamese universities. Qualitative methodology was used to review policies, their dissemination and implementation.

Results: The development and implementation of smoke free policies varied significantly across the four universities: Policy development and implementation was at different stages in each of the universities. In one university, smoke-free policy had been developed prior to the legislation and failed to fully reflect requirements of the legislation while in another the policy development was not initiated until after the legislation was enacted. The identified weaknesses of the implementation processes were inadequate monitoring and lack of penalties for violations.

Conclusion: The smoke-free article in the Law had been disseminated and implemented at the studied universities. However, more efforts and resources were needed to increase policy effectiveness.


smoke – free policy, development, dissemination, university, enforcement

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