Costs - benefits of Vietnam family planning program for the period 2008-2013: An application of IMPACT-2

Nguyen Ngoc Anh, Do Ngoc Tan, Nguyen Thanh Tung


The costs and benefits of Vietnam Population and Family planning program for 2008-2013 period applied IMPACT-2 methodology to calculate health benefits and cost effectiveness. On average, annually in Vietnam there were 2.6 million pregnancies, 1.55 million live births, and 480 thousand abortions. Each year, the family planning program provided and delivered services for 11.2 million couples, of which 4.7 million women were new users. On calculation, the contraceptive use averted 4.3 million pregnancies probably leading estimatedly to 2.8 million live births, 897 thousand abortions and 1,600 maternal deaths. The aversion of women’s morbidity and disability burden was 103 thousand DALYs, equivalent to 1/2 the burden of women’s diabetes, 3/4 of tuberculosis. In general, Vietnam spent on average 570 billion VND on family planning services each year, which in return, saved 1,200 billion VND from maternal and child healthcare budget.


family planning; costs and benefits; cost effectiveness; contraceptives; pregnancies; DALY

Full Text:



GOPFP. Vietnam population – family planning program: 50 years of development (1961 – 2011). Hanoi, Vietnam: General Office for Population and Family Planning; 2011.

COPFP. Economic benefit measurement of Vietnam Population-Family planning. Hanoi, Vietnam: Vietnam Commission of Population and Family Planning;2002.

Cleland J, Bernstein S, Ezeh A, Faundes A, Glasier A, Innis J. Family planning: the unfinished agenda. The Lancet Sexual and Reproductive Series. 2006;The Lancet Sexual and Reproductive Series:1-18.

Darroch JE, Singh S. Adding It Up: Costs and benefits of Family planning and maternal child health estimation methodology. New York: Guttmacher Institute; 2011.

Tan DN. Core interventions for population quality raising and population of Vietnam national population and family planning program 2006-2010. Hanoi, Vietnam: Population and Family Planning Department, GOPFP; 2010.

GOPFP. Final report: Assessment of social marketing program of contraceptives. Hanoi, Vietnam: General Office for Population and Family Planning;2011.

GOPFP. Annual report: Final report of Vietnam Population - Family planning program in 2014 and the tentative plan in 2015. In: Planning GOfPaF, ed. Hanoi, Vietnam: General Office for Population and Family Planning; 2014.

GOPFP. Vietnam population projection for 2049. Hanoi, Vietnam: General Office for Population and Family Planning;2014.

Micheal Vlasoff SS, Jacqueline E. Darroch, Erin Carbone and Stan Berstein. Assessing costs and benefits of sexual and reproductive health intervention. New york & Washington: Guttmacher Institute;2004.

Singh S, Darroch JE. Adding It Up: Costs and Benefits of contraceptive services estimats for 2012. New York: Guttmacher Institute;2012.

Weinberger M, Pozo-Martin F, Boler T, Fry K, Hopkins K. IMPACT 2: An innovative tool for estimating the impact of Reproductive health program, Methodology paper. London: Mariestopes International, London school of Hygiene and Tropical medicine; 2012.

GOPFP. Vietnam Contraceptive need projection for 2011-2020 and vision 2030. Hanoi, Vietnam: General Office for Population and Family Planning;2010.

Guttmacher. Adding It Up: Family planning program costs and benefits estimation in 2012. New York: Guttmacher Institute and UNFPA; 2012.

BYT-BTC. Ordinance number 04/2012/TTLT-BYT-BTC on Financial frame of fees of healthcare services at public public healthcare institutions. In: Finance MoHaMo, ed. Hanoi, Vietnam: Ministry of Health and Ministry of Finance; 2012.

DOH H. Financial frame of fees for healthcare services at public healthcare institutions of Hanoi. Hanoi: Hanoi Department of Health; 2013.

GOPFP. Communication brief: Each couples should have 2 children. 2014. Accessed 30 May, 2015.

GOPFP. Statistical book on population – family planning 2003-2013. Hanoi, Vietnam: General Office for Population and Family Planning; 2014.

Guttmacher. Meeting Women’s contraceptive need in Philippines. New York: Guttmacher Institute;2009.

UNFPA. Compendium of Research on Reproductive health in Vietnam for the Period 2006-2010. Hanoi, Vietnam: UNFPA;2012.